See here for statistical data on Presidential Elections 2016 (in Estonian)
At the end of August, the Riigikogu will elect the new President of the Republic of Estonia. In case the Riigikogu fails to elect the President, the President is elected by the electoral body. The President of the Republic is elected for a term of five years.
See here for press releases about the elections.
The first round of elections in the Riigikogu takes place on August 29th.
Candidates to the first round of elections are nominated (each by at least 21 MPs) from August 25th to August 27th.
If no candidate receives the required 2/3 majority (at least 68 votes), a second round of voting is held on August 30th. Before the second round a new nomination of candidates (each by at least 21 MPs) is held.
If no candidate receives the required 2/3 majority (at least 68 votes) in the second round of voting, a third round of voting is held on the same day between the two candidates who receive the greatest number of votes in the second round.
If the President of the Republic is still not elected in the third round of voting (at least 68 votes needed), the President of the Riigikogu, within one month (preliminary unofficial plans at Sept 24th), convenes an electoral body to elect the President of the Republic.
The electoral body is formed of the members of the Riigikogu (who number 101) and representatives of the local government councils (234 in total). The electoral body has 335 total members.
The right to nominate a candidate rests with not less than twenty-one members of the electoral body. For the first round of voting, the names of the candidates who participated in the third round of voting in the Riigikogu and the candidates who are registered for the first round of voting in the electoral body are entered on the ballot paper.
A candidate is considered elected in the first round of voting if a majority of the members of the electoral body participating in the voting votes in favour of him or her. If no candidate receives the required majority, a second round of voting is held on the same day.
For the second round of voting, the names of the two candidates who received the greatest number of votes in the first round are entered on the ballot paper. The candidate in favour of whom a majority of the members of the electoral body participating in the voting votes is considered elected.
For more information:
Webpage of the Estonian Parliament (Riigikogu)
Estonian Constitution (Chapter 5)
President of the Republic Election Act
Statistics on presidential elections in Estonia (1992-2011)
The Estonian IT company Cybernetica has won the bid for developing the Estonian electronic voting system, entailing a renewal of the system for the local government elections in October 2017. More information
The results for the 2015 Riigikogu Elections:
Estonian Reform Party 30 seats, 27,7% votes
Estonian Centre Party 27 seats, 24,8% votes
Social Democratic Party 15 seats, 15,2% votes
Pro Patria and Res Publica Union 14 seats, 13,7% votes
Estonian Free Party 8 seats, 8,7% votes
Estonian Conservative People's Party 7 seats, 8,1% votes
Party of the Estonian Green 0 seats, 0,9% votes
People's Union Party 0 seats, 0,4% votes
Estonian Independence Party 0 seats, 0,2% votes
Estonian United Left Party 0 seats, 0,1% votes
Independent Candidates (11) 0 seats, 0,2% votes
Internet voting website
The Riigikogu Election Act
The Status of Observer
The National Election Committee
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